Shefﬁeld had more of the cities-in-the-sky built than most places and, in some cases such as the Park Hill ﬂats, has repurposed them into attractive mixed-use development. Paul Holden, founder of Shefﬁeld’s Peak Architects, says a 24-hour critical mass and mix of people is required to make sustainable communities, especially when traditional working hours are ﬁnished.
“If you think about generations ago, people worked locally and didn’t commute, we shopped locally, played locally and really robust communities were created with a sense of ownership. Covid has emphasised something really strong about the importance of families and communities. “There is a fundamental need for high-quality three or four-bed apartments or houses that allow family living. The one thing that creates vibrancy is having multi-generational living in city centres. We need to get a greater spread of communities in the cities again because as net zero steps up there will be greater demand for less travel.”